Dont understand!! also whats the Talmud?

3 Responses to “What’s the difference between Mishnah and Midrash?”

  • ladybugtoos:

    Mishnah: An early written compilation of Jewish oral tradition, the basis of the Talmud.
    Midrash: Stories elaborating on incidents in the Bible, to derive a principle of Jewish law or provide a moral lesson.
    Talmud: The most significant collection of the Jewish oral tradition interpreting the Torah.
    Any help? I found all at

  • Crazy Pirate's Ghost:

    midrash = stories expanding on incidents in the Bible to derive principles or Jewish law or to teach moral lessons

    mishnah =the oral law compiled and written down in a document

    talmud = “oral torah,” a tradition explaining what the above scriptures mean and how to interpret them and apply the Laws.

  • allonyoav:

    The Mishnah is also known as the “Oral Torah” and Jews believe that it was given at the same time as the written torah to Moshe on Mt Sinai

    A Midrash is an story on the Torah, Nevi’im (prophets), Ketuvim (scriptures). Many were passed down orally, others (particularly alleThese stories can be pure allegory to teach an ethical, moral or spiritual concept, they can be halachic (i.e. in regards to jewish law) to expound on or illsutrate a law, literal or metaphor. The Midrash is not a single book, but there are various collections such as mechilta, sifrei and sifri (the earliest oral midrashim), pirkei d’Rabbi Eliezer, Midrash Rabba, Midrash Tanchumah and various others.

    The Talmud is a compilation of sources rather than an actual source. It is made up of two main parts: the Mishnah (described above) and the Gemorrah which is Rabbinical commentaries on the Mishnah which includes legal discussions, case studies, debates on sources, ethical teachings, some midrash, some sod (known commonly as kabbalah) , some philosophy and more. Discussions in the Gemorrah can jump from topic to topic and can be quite difficult to follow. In addition to the Mishnah and Gemorrah, most editions of the talmud contain additional commentaries from the Rishonim (the Rabbis in the time after the Gemorrah was sealed until around the 16th century). Virtually all editions include the commentaries of Rashi and Tosfos, though others are often in the footnotes, appendices etc

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